Sunday, 05 June 2016 20:34

A referendum on the "monthly guaranteed income" in Switzerland

swiz flagshtock
Switzerland is home to a direct democracy in its modern sense. The experience of this country in the approbation of institutions of direct democracy and their legal regulation - is unique. Switzerland is an example of embodiment of direct democracy in action.

Swiss for centuries had the experience to make decisions that are directly attributable to themselves. The process of implementing the will of the people takes place only in an environment where people have the opportunity to express their opinion and at the same time it will be heard.

May 29, 1874 adopted the Constitution of the Swiss Confederation. It was secured and formalized the principles of direct democracy, namely, the principle of "public welfare". It was assigned the need for the approval of Parliament acts in a referendum. Provides for the mandatory holding of a referendum in the event of amendments to the Constitution

This suggests that the 5000 citizens who are entitled to vote or eight cantons can initiate the adoption or abolition of the federal normative acts of general importance.

April 19, 1999 adopted the current Constitution of the Swiss Confederation. It is noteworthy that the Constitution was also adopted by a form of direct democracy - through a referendum. At the same time all 26 cantons of the Confederacy has its own "cantonal" Constitution

Today, June 5, in Switzerland held a referendum on the introduction of the citizens guaranteed income in the amount of 2.5 thousand Swiss francs per month

Supporters of the proposed innovations assume that the monthly basic income of $ 2.5 thousand Swiss francs for adults and 625 francs for a child up to 18 years will support the population in the period of increasing automation of production.swiz referendum

Previously, according to exit polls, 78% of the population of Switzerland rejected this proposal and refused such payments. That demonstrates the desire of the Swiss to work and earn their own.

This referendum result is quite expected considering that salaries in Switzerland are not small.

At the beginning of May in Switzerland was released the most extensive in the history fine for speeding. Local motorist exceeded the permissible speed mark, and this violation was recorded by the police. Violator will have to pay one million dollars. And all the matter is that in Switzerland size of the fine is not fixed and depends on the monthly wage of offender.

Opponents of the referendum, including among the government, noted the high economic costs of this measure. Though basically the country can afford such expenses because it competent invests in its development:

June 1, the Swiss opened the longest railway tunnel in the world

57-km tunnel is a part of infrastructure project worth 23 billion Swiss francs.

Swiz train tunnelThe tunnel is laid through the Alps, which will significantly speed up the passenger and freight transportation through the mountainous region that separates the north and south of Europe. High-speed trains will pass the tunnel for 17 minutes, although before the opening of the first railway tunnel in 1882 this way took away a few days of travel. Approximately 260 trucks and 65 passenger trains will be able to overcome a double-track tunnel on a daily basis after the final test near the end of this year.

During the construction of the tunnel workers are faced with 73 kinds of rocks that were heavy-duty, and soft. 17 years have been spent on the construction of the object

In Switzerland will launch the world's first plant for the extraction of CO2 from the atmosphere

Climatologists tired to warn about the threat of the greenhouse effect due to the increase of greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere. But recently, scientists have noticed that because of the greenhouse effect on Earth was more vegetation, since carbon dioxide stimulates photosynthesis. For the same reason, it can be used as fertilizer. Experiments have shown that the use of CO2 stimulates plant growth, including increases the yield of lettuce, cucumbers and tomatoes.

Swiss chemists use to extract CO2 from the atmosphere direct air capture technology, which is used on the International Space Station and on submarines. Currently, CO2 is produced at industrial facilities and power stations: a CO2 concentration of their smoke hundreds of times higher than in the atmosphere, and the production cost goes below.

In the autumn of 2016 Climeworks Swiss company intends to launch the world's first commercial plant for the production of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Climeworks will receive a grant of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy to work on optimizing the design of the plant and reduce production costs. The pilot project is designed for three years.co2factory

The new production method has the main advantage - the atmosphere is everywhere, so the plant can be placed almost anywhere, where it is convenient.

For example, in Switzerland it going to put near municipal enterprise for the incineration of municipal waste, to receive free heat required in process technology. Nearby are the buyers of the product - farms that need fertilizer. Thus, the business will not pay for any heat or for transportation.

In addition to fertilizers for agriculture, CO2 is suitable for the production of liquid fuels.

The Swiss plant will mine from an atmosphere of 2-3 CO2 tons per day. For comparison, the humanity annually emits 40 billion tons of greenhouse gases. It turns out that one such factory eliminates the negative impact on the nature of 133-200 people.

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