Sunday, 22 May 2016 21:48

Cyprus can already attain integrity in 2016

Flag CyprusThe leaders of the Greek and Turkish parts of Cyprus - Nicos Anastasiades and Mustafa Akindzhi - after lengthy negotiations called for unification of the island

As stated in the joint statement of politicians - "They expressed their determination to overcome all questions aimed at achieving a settlement of the Cyprus problem within this year".

A spokesman for the Cypriot government said that Anastasiadis and Akindzhi have different approaches on how to address the issue of security and guarantees:

Anastasiadis wants the two leaders reached an agreement first, which will then give Turkey. Akindzhi proposes to adopt a decision on a broad conference with the guarantor States, which then finalize the agreement.

"Anastasiadis's position is that the safety section and guarantees must first be discussed between the two communities to agree, and then submit to a multilateral conference, which will be attended by the guarantor countries - Greece, Turkey and the UK", - said the spokesman.

Cyprus leadersThe two leaders said they would like to underline their commitment to strengthen efforts in the coming months "with a view to achieving a comprehensive agreement for 2016".

"Last year, taking into account the interests of our community, we have made every effort to show respect for the rights of all parties to our common goal -. It is a win-win solution that will take into account the interests and rights of the future united Cyprus", - said in a statement.

The next meeting between the two leaders in Cyprus is expected to be held May 27

In 1960 Cyprus gained independence from Britain, which colonized the island more in the second half of the XIX century. The new Constitution proclaimed the existence of two communities: Greek (80% of the population of the island) and Turkey (18%). Inequality prescribed in the main document of the state of ethnic quotas immediately angered the Turkish community. In 1963, gradually increasing the voltage exploded numerous ethnic conflicts on both sides. In order to attempt to resolve the situation in 1964, the island was placed UN peacekeeping contingent, which remained in Cyprus for another ten years.

Cyprus districtsIn 1974, Cyprus has been divided into the Greek south and Turkish north. Under the control of UN peacekeepers, it was carried out a mutual relocation of the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots. The conflicting parties were separated by so-called "green line" - the UN buffer zone. Moving across the demarcation line became almost impossible. physical and social barrier between the Greek and Turkish communities has been established.

cyprus EUIn 2004, Cyprus became an EU member, but de facto he was joined by only the southern "Greek" part of the island. In 2005, the European Commission in the course of negotiations on Turkey's accession to the European Union demanded that the last recognition of the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus.

For four decades, several rounds of talks on the reunification of the island. Last started in May 2015 under the auspices of the UN. It held 20 meetings of delegations.

A strong push to the negotiating process was at the end of last year, when the EU and Turkey started to discuss ways to solve the crisis of migrants in Europe. In exchange for the aid promised Ankara to Brussels resumption of negotiations on accession to the EU.

turkey eu
13.05.16 Brussels hosted a meeting of the Turkish Minister for EU Affairs Volkan Bozkira with European Commissioner for EU Enlargement Johannes Hahn.

To create the necessary conditions for the maintenance of refugees in Turkey was supposed to allocate six billion euros, as well as to meet the visa issue.

The agreement on the free visa regime was part of the package of the European Union agreement with Turkey, in which she assumed the heavy task to stop on its territory flow of refugees to Europe.

To complying with strict requirements of the European Union, Turkey must comply with 72 criteria. Among them - leading to anti-terrorism legislation to the European standards. The EU has demanded that Ankara clearly define the concept of "terrorism" to avoid extended interpretation, which allows to apply it to the critics of the authorities in this area.

turFor Turkey, the issue of security came in first place. It is now in a really difficult position, regularly subjected by terrorists attacks - as the Kurdish groups, and Islamists. Since, in the northern part of Syria, the Syrian Kurds announced the establishment of the federation, the prospect of Kurdish separatism has acquired real shape. During the years of the Turkish-Kurdish conflict killed about 40 thousand people.

However, Turkey's efforts in dealing with the migration crisis in Europe give a tangible result.

german flagThis year, the flow of migrants, unlike 2015, sharply decreased. Last year in Germany, 1.1 million people arrived in search of asylum. The German Federal Government plans to spend 93.6 billion euros in support of refugees in the next five years.

"According to the Ministry of Finance, this year Germany is planning to take not less than 600 thousand refugees, and in the future this figure will be reduced:... 400 thousand in 2017 and 300 thousand in 2018," - said the publication "Der Spiegel".

The publication refers to the document of the Ministry of Finance of Germany. Thus, the annual cost to the government associated with refugee issues will grow from 16.1 billion euros in 2016 to € 20.4 billion by 2020.

Most of the funds will be directed to basic benefits, assistance in matters related to housing, language lessons for asylum seekers. In addition, the budget includes funds to fight the reasons why refugees are leaving their homeland, the magazine notes.

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