Items filtered by date: May 2018

Monday, 21 May 2018 01:35

Digest of interesting events in April

Accuya flags
Moscow and Ankara concluded an intergovernmental agreement on the construction of the "Akkuyu" nuclear power plant with VVER-1200 reactors in Mersin province on the Mediterranean coast in May 2010.

At the beginning of April 2018 Atomic Energy Agency of Turkey issued a license for the construction of the first unit. The regulator acknowledged nuclear power plant project complies with all requirements adopted in Turkey.


The design solutions of the "Akkuyu" NPP Station meet all modern requirements of the world nuclear community, enshrined in IAEA safety standards, the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group and the requirements of the EUR Club.

Arrived on April 3 in Ankara, Russian President Vladimir Putin, together with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, took part in the ceremony of launching the construction of the first power unit of the "Akkuyu" nuclear power plant, which Rosatom is building in Turkey. Turkish president called the start of construction - "a historic moment". Erdogan stressed that with the output to full capacity, the nuclear power plant will meet 10% of Turkey's electricity needs, reducing dependence on gas and coal.

Accuya plan

The first nuclear power plant in Turkey will be launched in 2023, creating new jobs both in Russia and Turkey. Start of commercial operation of the power units №1-4 tentatively scheduled for April 2023, 2024, 2025 and 2026, respectively. Under the plan, "Akkuyu" should issue 35 billion kW / h of electricity per year at the stage of commissioning of all power units. The service life of the first power unit is calculated until 2083.


NPP "Akkuyu" Construction Project in Turkey is the world's first nuclear power plant project, implemented by BOO model (build-own-operate). It is 100% funded by the Russian Federation and, according to the signed intergovernmental agreement, at least 51% of shares should belong to companies from the Russian Federation, and 49% can be sold to outside investors.

In Saudi Arabia, where cinemas were banned in the early 1980s, the film was first shown on a wide screen

SA Cinema first movieFor more than 35 years, the inhabitants of the kingdom mostly went to watch films in neighboring Bahrain, but recently the General Commission on Audiovisual Media began issuing licenses to cinemas. The first shown film was the American animated film of 2017 "Emodzhi film".

It is noteworthy that the government lifted the ban on the work of cinemas even after the country's chief priest stated that "debauchery, which is shown in the films", distorts the morality of the country.


The Ministry of Culture ignored this statement and noted that it will begin to grant licenses for the screening of films immediately. But at the same time the films planned for the demonstration will be censored before they reach the big screens in order not to violate the country's moral values.

mohammed bin salman al saud

A statement by the Minister of Information and Culture of Saudi Arabia states that the lifting of the ban on cinemas is part of the program of social and economic reforms implemented by Prince Mohammed ibn Salman.

According to Prince Mohammed, cinemas will reduce the level of extremism: "If you want to fight terrorism, you need to give people a lot of love. Love comes from joy, and the film - it's a joy".


SA CinemaThe economic development program of Saudi Arabia until 2030 provides for a serious growth of the entertainment segment, which forces the kingdom to abandon the extremely conservative policy of separate existence of men and women. According to government estimates, by 2030 the country will open about 300 cinemas with more than 2 thousands Halls. This will create 30 thousands Jobs and will contribute to the GDP approximately $ 24 billion.

Among other social reforms announced in Saudi Arabia in recent years - the abolition of the ban on driving a car by women.


The historic meeting of South and North Korean leaders Moon Jae-in and Kim Jong-un took place

NK vs SK
Kim Jong-un's meeting with South Korean President Moon Jae-in took place in the demilitarized zone on the South Korean side of the border at the Panmunjom border crossing during the inter-Korean summit of 2018.

Over four thousand journalists gathered to cover the inter-Korean summit from all over the world. South Korea turned the largest exhibition complex in Seoul into a huge press center. The summit was broadcast live on giant screens.


Formally, North and South Korea are still at war, since after the military conflict in 1950-1953 the countries have not signed a peace agreement. In fact, the Korean War lasted from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953. Many historians consider it was a conflict between the United States and the United Nations on the southern side and the army of China and the USSR Air Force from the north. After the war, the peninsula was divided into zones of influence of the USSR and the USA.

Kim Jong-un became the first leader of the DPRK to visit South Korea. For all time there were three meetings between the leaders of the two Koreas. In 1953, after the failed North Korean attack on the South in Pyongyang, the leaders of the North and the South held negotiations. In 2000 and in 2007, also in the capital of the DPRK, the father of the current leader of North Korea Kim Jong Il accepted the South Korean presidents.

The place where the soldiers of the North and South stand face to face is the most protected part of the demilitarized zone. Here, representatives of the two Koreas cross the state border for bilateral negotiations. In response to the question of Moon Jae-in, when he could visit the DPRK, Kim Jong-un took the president by the hand and moved to the north side. Previously, within the demilitarized zone, Southerners could cross the North border only inside special blue barracks. Returning to the territory of South Korea, the Leaders walked along the red carpet accompanied by soldiers dressed in the military uniform of the times of the united Korea.

Korea lunch
The first round lasted three hours. The place of negotiations was the "House of Peace" in the South Korean control zone. Kim Jong-un made an entry in the book for guests:
"At the beginning of a new history of peace and prosperity".

At noon, the black limousine of the leader of North Korea wandered from the House of Peace, with people in plainclothes running synchronously alongside him - the North Korean leader preferred dining on his territory.


Korea pine of piece
After lunch, the leaders arrived at the place of the symbolic tree planting (Pine Tree of Peace and Prosperity) - on the border of the two Koreas.

This action is filled with symbolism. The age of the tree is 65 years: exactly the same as after the end of the Korean War. Two slides of the earth: one - from the North Korean mountain of Paektusan, the other - from the South Korean Hallasan. Another detail: the water in the watering can Kim Jong-un - from the Han River in the South, at the Moon Jae-in - from North Korea Taedong in Pyongyang.


As a result of the meeting, the leaders of the two states agreed to sign a peace treaty this year that will end the Korean War, which is still officially incomplete, and about the resumption of communications between the countries.

Korea S N

The parties undertake not to wage war against each other. They also agreed to work toward nuclear disarmament on the Korean peninsula and the phased reduction of armaments. The demilitarized zone on the border will now be called the "zone of peace". Also from May 1, countries stopped propaganda broadcasting on the border.

King of Swaziland Mswati III renamed his country to the Kingdom of eSvatini

EsvatiniThe new name of the state between South Africa and Mozambique is now eSvatini, which in Swahili means "Swazi's place". The population of the kingdom is about 1.1 million people.

King Mswati III announced the change of name at the sports stadium in Manzini during the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the independence of Swaziland from British rule. He stated that the country was returning to the name that It used before colonization by the British. Another occasion for celebrations was the anniversary of Mswati himself, who also celebrated his 50th birthday.


Swaziland gained independence from Britain in 1968. Before that, the country had been under the British protectorate for more than 60 years.

Svati suiteThe issue of renaming Swaziland was discussed for many years, and at the legislative level the issue was considered since 2015. Mswati III used this name, speaking to the UN General Assembly in 2017, as well as opening the session of the country's parliament in 2014.

Officially, the king of this African country is called "nguyenyama" ("lion"). Most of all, he is known for his polygamy and love for the traditional Swazi costume, in which the monarch constantly appears in public. Mswati III is the last absolute monarch in Africa. His power in the territory of Swaziland is unlimited. The king has 15 wives, his father for a lifetime had a total of 125

The king said that because of the name of the state, there is often confusion: "Every time we go abroad, people think that we are from Switzerland".

Human rights activists criticize the authorities of Swaziland for banning political parties and discrimination against women. In addition, the country has the highest prevalence of HIV and AIDS in the world.

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