Items filtered by date: July 2016

Sunday, 24 July 2016 18:13

Summer Olympics 2016

rio 2016Summer Olympic Games in 2016 - most important sporting event for the last four years

It is believed that the Olympic Movement was born in the days of ancient Greece. At that time it was the sporting and religious events. But after 394 years BC competitions were not held. Games were resumed at the end of the 19th century.


Eight countries have submitted applications to host the Games. For the right to host the Games competed: Azerbaijan, Spain, Czech Republic, Qatar, Japan, the US and Russia. Three countries have indicated in their applications the city that are not their capitals. They were: Russia (Saint-Petersburg), the USA (Chicago), and Brazil (Rio de Janeiro). St. Petersburg withdrew the application, since one and a half months after filing of the application another city (Sochi) got the right to host the Winter Games in 2014.

In the final part of the race were four applicants: Madrid, Tokyo, Chicago and Rio de Janeiro. Voting took place in three stages. With each of them sifted out one applicant. As a result left the two Rio de Janeiro and Madrid. With the double advantage during the final vote in October 2009 won Rio de Janeiro.rio

It will be the first Olympic Games, taking place in South America, the second in Latin America after the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City and the first since 2000, taking place in the southern hemisphere.

Mascot and logo of the Games

mascotes
Talisman of future Olympic Games became an animal named Vinicius and Tom plant. Both mascot represent a diverse flora and fauna of Brazil. Vinicius is the embodiment of all the animals that live in Brazil, "born from the explosion of joy" from the fact that the country chosen as the Olympic capital. Tom represents a symbol of the Paralympic Games and is a mix of plants. In the colors of talismans clearly seen the theme of the Brazilian flag.


fakelThe official Olympic logo is an image of three human figures dancing, orange, green and blue. They all are holding hands. The following is the inscription "RIO 2016" and the symbol of the Olympic Games - five interconnected rings.

At the Olympic Games will be raffled 301 medals in 40 sports disciplines. For the first time in the program of the Summer Games included rugby-7, which is a simplified form of the game. Also for the first time since 1904. The golf tournament will be held at the Summer Olympics. This sport was once excluded from the Olympics, but the decision by a vote of the IOC in 2009, it was returned to that status.


In the rest Summer Olympic Games in 2016 will be held on the same sports program that the previous Olympic Games.

After the approval of Rio de Janeiro's candidacy, the Brazilians decided that the 2016 Summer Olympics will be held in four zones of the city:

Maracana

Maracana will be the main object of the Olympic Games. At the stadium of the same name will be opening and closing ceremonies of the Games. Also, "Maracana" stadium will take the final match of the Olympic football tournament. It is the largest playground in Brazil with a capacity of 79,000 people.

In the neighboring to "Maracanã" Stadium "João Havelange" and "Ginásio do Maracanãzinho" will be competitions in track and field and volleyball respectively. Olympic Stadium João Havelange is new (it was commissioned in 2007) and is able to accommodate 45,000 people.

Sports: Athletics; marathon; archery; football; water polo; volleyball.

Barra

District of Barra will take most of the upcoming Olympic competitions. On its territory there are 15 sports facilities. The largest object of water sports is the Water park named after Maria Lenk, which will host swimming and diving from a springboard.

Sports: boxing; table tennis; badminton; cycling (road); Weightlifting; Gymnastics (sports, artistic and trampoline); cycle track; walking trails; diving; water polo; swimming; synchronized swimming; basketball; judo; Taekwondo; wrestling (freestyle and Greco-Roman); handball; fencing; golf; tennis.

Copacabana

The Copacabana district which is known for its beach, will host the beach volleyball and swimming competitions in open water and triathlon. Within the Copacabana in the center of "Marina da Gloria" will be competitions in sailing. On the shore of the Atlantic Ocean will be constructed temporary bleachers, which will be able to fit 10,000 people.

Sports: beach volleyball; Canoe Sprint and Rowing; cycling (road); swimming in open water; triathlon; sailing.

Deodoro

In the fourth center, Deodoro, in the National Centre of equestrian sport will be held show jumping competitions. The center was built in 2007, but three years later was remodel. Its capacity is 20,000 people. Near the center of equestrian sport is the National Shooting Sports Center, also built in 2007. Competitions on bullet and shotgun shooting will be held in it.

Sports: Basketball; modern pentathlon; Horseback Riding; field hockey; shooting; Rugby-7; mountain biking and velomotokross; slalom.

In Rio de Janeiro opened the Olympic Village

On July 24, Rio de Janeiro hosted the official opening of the Olympic Village, two weeks before the start of the Summer Olympics in 2016.

The complex, consisting of 31 buildings will live about 18 000 athletes. The number of staff is 13 000 people.

The Olympic Village has a large food complex for up to 5000 people, equipped with the most modern exercise equipment gym, a clinic, relaxation area, a beauty salon, a multi-religious center, and seven laundries. It is located in the west of the Brazilian metropolis, a mile from the Olympic Park, where the majority of the competitions will be held.

According to the International Olympic Committee, in the village there are also so-called "place of sorrow", which will host a special ceremony in the memory of people who died during the Olympic Games.

After the Olympics all the buildings and apartments will be sold to wealthy citizens in Brazil.

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Monday, 18 July 2016 11:47

Holiday marred

Nice teractThe Bastille Day, July 14, on the Promenade des Anglais, thousands of people gathered in Nice. Around 23:00 a truck driven 31-year-old native of Tunisia, Mohamed Boolell, drove to the embankment and crushed more than 80 people. More about 200 people were injured. The terrorist was shot dead by police. He drove along the embankment for about two kilometers.


Among the victims, in particular, the citizens of Germany, the USA, Russia, Ukraine, Armenia, Switzerland, Algeria, Morocco.

The tragic events on the embankment in Nice became the third major terrorist attack that occurred in France in the past two years. Promenade des Anglais and some surrounding streets will be closed for an indefinite period because of the investigation of the tragedy.

From 2015 to the present day in France was made a series of similar crimes. The most famous was the shooting in the edition of the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo in January 2015 and an attack on the cafe network "La Belle Equipe", a number of restaurants and cinema "Bataklan" On November 13 of the same year.

Until recently, France was considered safe, and no one expected that it would become quite a dangerous place in the European Union. What has changed in the social consciousness of the French after a series of terrorist attacks?

Strange as it may seem at first glance, this tragedy has united people. There were many volunteers who have decided to donate blood for the victims. In general, of course, people are very upset and scared. Obviously, because of the terrorist attacks of Nice will not be as attractive to tourists in the near future, now residents of Nice try to avoid crowded places because of fear of becoming victims of a new terrorist attack.

The bloody events on the promenade again raised in the French public debate on the issue of the increasing number of Muslims in the country. France is literally split into two parts on the matter, and any similar incident only adds to this division. In addition, all mourn for the dead and very angry at the government.

French President Hollande said on television that the French should "come to terms with terrorism, this phenomenon is still there, and the victims will be more"rezervists

French Interior Minister called on "all patriotic citizens", recorded in the reservists. The statement was made in the aftermath of the terrorist attack in Nice. Bernard Kaznev said that France hopes to encourage 12,000 reservists to improve security in the country.

The terrorist from Nice. What is known about the man who was driving the truck?


Terrorist personality has been established thanks to the documents which was discovered in the truck's cockpit.


He had previously come to the attention of police. Mohammed prosecuted for a number of offenses. Earlier this year, he was detained for "minor violence". Law enforcement authorities had no information about what Mohammed Boolell adheres to radical views. Neighbors also said that he did not give the impression of a religious man, and all the while wearing shorts.

Neighbors of Mohamed Boolell describe him as a lonely and silent man. The family, who lives one floor above, said that he never responded to their greetings. According to a neighbor in the stairwell, she spoke with Boolell only once - about problems with electricity. Neighbors remember that it is often up to him with a bicycle and a van left near the house.

Responsibility for the attack in Nice took over the grouping "Islamic state", which arranges the terrorist attacks around the world. IG is not rarely takes responsibility for any horrible accident committed not by them.

USA Russia Siria
In the wake of the IG conflict, US Secretary of State John Kerry arrived in Moscow with a proposal for co-operation in Syria.


US Department of State proposes to establish a Joint Group for the implementation of JIG (Joint Implementation Group), which will be located near the Jordanian capital. Both sides will establish the exchange of intelligence and operational information, however, the Russian Federation and the United States will remain autonomous work staffs. Partners will house near Amman "senior national representatives" experts and intelligence personnel. The exact number of personnel is not called.

The main objectives of the group will be the "Islamic State" and "Dzhebhat en-Nusra". Washington offers within five days to prepare a map showing the position of "Al-Nusra".  Russian aviation group will be able to attack on its own initiative in the presence of "an imminent threat" to the Russian military, and if militants try to go beyond the "designated areas". Thus, the Russian Federation will be able to help government troops, if the terrorists try to attack Damascus.

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Australia election 2016Australian Federal Parliament consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives consists of 150 members, each representing a particular electoral constituency is elected by universal and secret ballot for a term of three years.


The Senate is the upper house of Parliament, consists of 76 senators: 12 senators are elected from each of the six states and two - from the two territories.

The vote should take part of the order of 15.6 million people.

The main competitors were two parties - the Liberal-National coalition led by current Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and the Labour Party, which represents Bill Shorten.

General election results became clear after the July 3 leader of the opposition Labour Party, Bill Shorten conceded defeat and congratulated with the victory Turnbull. The ruling conservatives in Australia won the parliamentary elections, and thus Liberal Party leader Malcolm Turnbull will retain the post of prime minister. Turnbull's victory was predicted by experts, but in the end turned out to be not so convincing as expected.

To carry through parliament the important decisions, especially on the budget, the Conservatives will have to seek support among independent deputies and members of smaller parties.

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This year, July 5 Muslims celebrate Eid al-Fitr - one of the two main days of the Islamic calendar, which marks the end of fasting, which lasted during the holy month of Ramadan. This holiday begins after sunset on the last day of Ramadan.Uraza bayram

The tradition of celebrating the day of breaking the fast has its origin from the time of the Prophet Muhammad since 624 A.D. and employs more than 1,300 years.

Eid al-Fitr is a symbol of rebirth, increasing spiritual level, because the righteous Muslims throughout the whole month fasting, devoted their free time to the study of the Koran, tried accomplishes the greatest possible number of pious deeds and acts. Holiday sums up all the similar work carried out during the month of fasting.

On this day, Muslims make a festive ritual prayer, put on the best clothes, preparing traditional dishes. The children take part in various games, visit neighbors, who distribute them sweets. At this time, also made donations to the poor, give gifts and ask each other's forgiveness.

After the Eid prayer people covered banquet tables, invited to visit the neighbors, relatives and friends, make return visits with gifts, rejoice and be glad.

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The official meeting of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko with Bulgarian President Rosen Plevneliev and Prime Minister Boyko Borisov took place on June 30 in Sofia


Considerable attention during the negotiations was given to regional security issues in the NATO format. President Poroshenko announced the creation of a joint with Bulgaria and Romania military brigade following the example of the military brigade of the Lithuanian-Polish-Ukrainian NATO format.

Bulgarian President Rosen Plevneliev in favor of increased support to Ukraine on the part of NATO, the decision which should be taken at the Warsaw Summit of the North Atlantic Alliance on 8-9 July. He also expects from the upcoming summit the approval package of assistance to Ukraine to strengthen its security.

1The meeting resulted in the signing of agreements between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Bulgaria on Cooperation in the event of a disaster, the imposition of the issue of visa-free regime, the interaction of Ukraine and Bulgaria to strengthen the energy independence of the region, in particular the diversification of gas supply routes in both countries.


Between the Ministries of Youth and Sports of Ukraine and the Republic of Bulgaria was signed a memorandum of cooperation in the youth field.

Between the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and the National Space Agency of Ukraine signed an agreement on cooperation in the framework of the space experiment "Ionosat - Micro" on the spacecraft "Mikrosat - M".

Also, from the Bulgarian side will be headed NATO Trust Fund for adaptation, treatment and rehabilitation of Ukrainian soldiers.

The conclusion of these agreements will create a legal framework for bilateral cooperation in all the above areas.

As part of the official meeting took place - the grand opening of the monument to the Ukrainian writer Taras Shevchenko, which was installed in the city center on Vazrajdane Square, near the Administration of President of Bulgaria and House of Government in May 2009.

The President of Ukraine noted that this monument represents the image of Ukraine today - young, energetic, which goes to Europe.2

"Shevchenko's word unites Ukrainian nation around the world, it is an inexhaustible source of our energy, our national idea", - Poroshenko said at the opening ceremony of the monument.

KrasimirHe thanked the President of Bulgaria, Sofia city hall, which was supported and strongly contributed to the realization of this important project.

Among the honored guests were: the former Bulgarian President Peter Stoyanov, the first deputy chairman of parliament Dimitar Glavchev, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin, Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of Bulgaria in Ukraine Krasimir Minchev, President of the Association of Bulgarians in Ukraine Anton Cisse, diplomats and the Ukrainian diaspora.


During the celebrations, the People's Artist of Ukraine, the President BO "Fund "Renaissance of Prykarpattya", singer Catherine Buzhinskaya, who was present at the event, presented to the President of Ukraine the exclusive collector's mark, made in the international social project "Children for peace in the world", which brought together 35 countries and more than 100 000 children from all over the world and received the status of a major international social project.3

The purpose of this project - the consolidation of the world for peace in Ukraine and around the world.

4
Children create with their own hands world map from the patterns of "Doves of peace" and passing the baton to other children of European countries and Ukrainian diaspora abroad, urged everyone to unite in order to solve problems in Ukraine and joint efforts to achieve positive results for the sake of world peace.


The official opening of the project and its launch took place on December 19 in Ivano-Frankivsk, on the day of the most beloved children's celebration of St. Nicholas Day. June 6, Kiev National Academic Drama Theatre named after Ivan Franko at the time of summing up, the children have made 33170 "Doves of peace", setting a record in Ukraine and throughout the world.

In Children's Day Catherine Buzhinskaya presented anthem "Children for Peace"

KaterinaThis is the only Ukrainian song that sounded during the general audience of Pope Francis in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican, the European Parliament, NATO headquarters, the Swiss parliament and other institutions in Europe.

"Children - are our future. In each country to perform the anthem for the world partake children from around the world. After all, the language of music is clear to all - each nation. They are like little messengers of peace, calling for unity and want peace in every state", - says Catherine Buzhinskaya.


Anthem "Children for peace in the world" is a composition about a single desire of peace, unity and welfare in every state. It was recorded in three countries: the United States, Bulgaria, Ukraine. Author of the idea of creating the anthem in the international social project "Children for peace in the world" - Anna Krisyuk.

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