Items filtered by date: June 2016

In 1975, shortly after joining the EU, or Common Market as it was called, UK held a referendum on its membership in this organization. The population voted "yes", but since then the voices became louder, both among voters and politicians that the EU has changed so much over the past 40 years, it is necessary to hold another referendum.

Before the last general election in the UK Conservative Party promised voters to hold a referendum in the country until the end of 2017 on the question of whether the country should remain in the European Union. The party won the elections, formed a government, and kept its promise.

The formulation of the question was as follows:

"Should the United Kingdom to remain in the European Union or leave the European Union?", It was adopted both Office of the Prime Minister and Parliament.Britain EU referendum

More than 17 million Britons voted Brexit. These are the official data of the referendum held on 23 June released by the Electoral Commission of Great Britain. The turnout was 72.2%. At the same time, 15 thousand 207 ballots were annulled. Supporters of Brexit were in the lead after the half counting. For out of the EU expressed the majority of residents of England and Wales - against Scotland and Northern Ireland.

As a result of the counting of votes in all the 382 constituencies for the withdrawal from the European Union voted 17 million 410 thousand 742 people (51.9%), against - 16 million 141 thousand 241 people (48.1%).

Results of the referendum led to a rapid fall in the UK market - the pound fell to its lowest level since 1985, much cheaper shares of the leading companies. The data comes from the UK during the referendum had a significant effect on the world's stock exchanges and currency markets. The course of the British currency to the dollar at a minimum has fallen by more than 11%. The euro fell against the US currency by more than 3.7%. Even Asian indices started to fall on the news about the advantages of Brexit supporters. Japanese NIKKEI 225 lost 3.05%, Hong Kong Hang Seng - 3,33%, SSE Comp - 1,21%.

article 50Now Britain can formally start the operation of Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, which describes the procedure for exit from the European Union, announcing this either in writing or orally. Starting 50th article opens a two-year period, during which must be completed all the formal negotiations on the country's exit from the EU.

While the negotiations will be conducted on the 50 th article United Kingdom will be bound by all applicable laws and contractual obligations of the EU. But after two years the UK's EU membership may be terminated.

British Prime Minister David Cameron said he would resign before October in order to start the procedure of exit from the EU could his successor, who is expected to be elected at the conference of the Conservative Party at the end of September.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said yesterday that the European Union should not be rude and arrogant towards the UK in the negotiations on the country's withdrawal from the EU. According to her, holding the other countries from the exit from the European Union should not be a priority in the negotiations with Britain.

Merkel said she hopes for "good atmosphere" during negotiations with Britain: "Exit should not last indefinitely, but I would not have fought for the shortest possible time period."

The head of the European Council, Donald Tusk, has predicted that the exit of Britain from the EU will take at least five years. However, EU foreign ministers called on Britain to start the procedure of exit from the EU as soon as possible.

Published in News

SPIEF 2016In St. Petersburg on June 16-18, held the anniversary XX International Economic Forum. It was attended by 200 speakers and 16 ministers from 15 foreign countries, as well as representatives of 600 Russian and 500 foreign companies from 60 countries.

The program was very intense. Discussions opened the forum "Business Twenty". In just three days - has been more than a hundred events, including a meeting of representatives of the SCO and the BRICS and the Special Session of the Valdai Club. A key theme of the conference was the future of EU-Russia economic relations.

A significant event was the visit to the forum, UN General Secretary Ban Ki-moon in which he expressed confidence that the St. Petersburg forum will positively affect the Russian economy.

Ban Ki-moon has recommended Europe to abandon "the erection of new walls" to establish relations in the region and resolve all differences through dialogue, and he recommended that the Russian Federation "does not narrow the democratic space for civil society".PanGeMoon Forum

"I would like to underline the critical importance of further economic integration and cooperation in the region. However, at the moment we see a decoupling between the states and the construction of new walls. History says that it is a wrong direction for Europe. We need to strengthen communication and build bridges" - UN Secretary-General said.

Stressing that all disputes should be resolved through dialogue, Ban Ki-moon said that the UN is an appropriate platform for the promotion of such a dialogue. In this connection, the UN Secretary-General noted the role of the UN European Economic Commission.

The UN chief said that the Russian Federation, as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, plays an important role in addressing the pressing global problems, and that Russia has enormous scientific potential for the development of the technology needed to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change.

General Secretary welcomed the signing by Russian of "Paris climate agreement" and called for joint efforts to ensure the entry into force of this historic document early as this year.

Published in News

swiz flagshtock
Switzerland is home to a direct democracy in its modern sense. The experience of this country in the approbation of institutions of direct democracy and their legal regulation - is unique. Switzerland is an example of embodiment of direct democracy in action.

Swiss for centuries had the experience to make decisions that are directly attributable to themselves. The process of implementing the will of the people takes place only in an environment where people have the opportunity to express their opinion and at the same time it will be heard.

May 29, 1874 adopted the Constitution of the Swiss Confederation. It was secured and formalized the principles of direct democracy, namely, the principle of "public welfare". It was assigned the need for the approval of Parliament acts in a referendum. Provides for the mandatory holding of a referendum in the event of amendments to the Constitution

This suggests that the 5000 citizens who are entitled to vote or eight cantons can initiate the adoption or abolition of the federal normative acts of general importance.

April 19, 1999 adopted the current Constitution of the Swiss Confederation. It is noteworthy that the Constitution was also adopted by a form of direct democracy - through a referendum. At the same time all 26 cantons of the Confederacy has its own "cantonal" Constitution

Today, June 5, in Switzerland held a referendum on the introduction of the citizens guaranteed income in the amount of 2.5 thousand Swiss francs per month

Supporters of the proposed innovations assume that the monthly basic income of $ 2.5 thousand Swiss francs for adults and 625 francs for a child up to 18 years will support the population in the period of increasing automation of production.swiz referendum

Previously, according to exit polls, 78% of the population of Switzerland rejected this proposal and refused such payments. That demonstrates the desire of the Swiss to work and earn their own.

This referendum result is quite expected considering that salaries in Switzerland are not small.

At the beginning of May in Switzerland was released the most extensive in the history fine for speeding. Local motorist exceeded the permissible speed mark, and this violation was recorded by the police. Violator will have to pay one million dollars. And all the matter is that in Switzerland size of the fine is not fixed and depends on the monthly wage of offender.

Opponents of the referendum, including among the government, noted the high economic costs of this measure. Though basically the country can afford such expenses because it competent invests in its development:

Published in News
Friday, 03 June 2016 22:03

Sochi ASEAN Summit

The participants of the Sochi summit, Russia - ASEAN adopted a joint declaration
"On the way to a mutually beneficial strategic partnership"

The two-day summit held in late May 19-20 and has been for the RF 20th anniversary In connection with the 20th anniversary of the establishment of dialogue partnership between Russia and ASEAN participants adopted the Comprehensive Plan of Action of the Russian Federation on the development of cooperation and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations for the period 2016-2020 year.ACEAH

УSummit participants also had before them the report of the Group of Eminent Persons Russia - ASEAN
"Russia - ASEAN: converted into the future multi-faceted strategic partnership"

asean.jpgAssociation of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) - a regional organization, which consists of the following basic states: Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines, Brunei. And joined later: Brunei Darussalam, Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar, Cambodia. At this point in the status of an observer composed of Papua - New Guinea and East Timor. ASEAN's most important economic partners are United States and Japan.

ASEAN headquarters are in Bangkok and Jakarta. The population of the ASEAN member countries is about 500 million people.

Its goals, ASEAN has identified the acceleration of economic growth, social progress, cultural development of the member countries and the establishment of peace and stability in south-east Asia region. All of these countries in the recent past were backward states, but now they are going through a period of rapid growth.

Published in News